Thiruppper Nagar – Sri Appakudathaan Temple

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திருமாலிருன்சோலை மலை என்றேன் என்ன

திருமால் வந்து என் நெஞ்சு நிறைய புகுந்தான்

குறு மா மணி உந்து புனல் பொன்னித் தென்பால்

திருமால் சென்று சேர்விடம் தென் திருப்பேரே   – நம்மாழ்வார்

 

Thiruper Nagar is one of the 108 divya desams. Once when a King called Ubharisaravasu was in penance on Lord Vishnu in a Purasai Forest, Saint Dhurvaasar came by that side. Since Ubharisaravasu was in penance he had not noticed the coming of Saint. Dhurvaasar got angry and cursed him to loose all his strength and power. Ubharisaravasu immediately came to know about it and begged Dhurvaasar to pardon him. Saint Dhurvaasar asked King Ubharisaravasu to go to Palasavana Kshethram near Cauvery River and perform Annadhaanam to 1 Lakh peoples. King immediately left to that place with a battalion of Cook. The population of that place was only few hundreds, so he thought of distributing food to whoever comes to that village. Every Day he was able provide to food for people in thousands. The king was also happy. One Day early morning, an old man came to king and told him that he is very hungry. The king performed his poojas very fast and served food to the old man. The old man ate the complete food prepared for thousands of people and still felt hungry. The king requested the old man to wait for some time to cook again and asked the old man whether he required any snacks in the mean time. The old man asked king to get him Appam in a pot. The Appam was made very fast and king brought it a pot full and gave it to the old man. While eating the Appam old man became Lord Vishnu and removed the curse of king given by Saint Dhurvaasar and laid down there with the pot full of Appam. So the Lord here was called as “Appakkudathaan” and “Appala Ranganathan”.

Lord, in His Bhujanga Sayana-reclining posture is facing west.  The Vimana above the sanctum is of Indira Vimana design.  Lord Vazhikatti Vinanayaka (Guiding Vinayaka) graces the place.  Upamanyu and Sage Parasara had the darshan of Lord Appakudathan here

Those seeking child boon, freedom from fear of death, to develop qualities of humility, for relief from adverse planetary aspects, sins and curses, facing endless problems, pray to Perumal for solutions

Devotees perform Tirumanjanam to Perumal and offer vastras

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Appam is a sweet preparation offered to Gods as nivedhana.  Perumal got the name Appakudathan as He received the pot of Appam from king Upamanyu.  Perumal appears embracing the pot by one hand.  Perumal destroyed the pride of Indira, saved Sage Markandeya from fear of death and relieved king Upari Siravasu from sins and curses in this ancient place.  It is also said that this temple (Kovil) came into being even before the Srirangam temple that followed next.  Adi in Tamil means foundation or forerunner.  Hence, the place is named Koviladi, it is explained by scriptures.

The temple has inscriptions from the 18th year of the regime of Aditya Chola.The recorded inscriptions in this temple are numbered 283, 300, 301 and 303 of 1901. As per Nammazhwar, the place was home to Vedic scholars of he time. The inscriptions in the temple indicate donations to build the main hall. During the Anglo-French war in the regions surrounding Tiruchirapalli, Koviladi was one of the focal points. There are no records on the contributions or damages caused by these wars.
The temple has a three-tiered rajagopuram facing west and an elevated structure approached through 21 steps. The Moolavar (presiding deity) of the temple, “Appala Rangan”, is seen in Bhujangasayanm (a reclining posture) facing west and is surrounded by Bhooma Devi and Kamala Valli Thaayar. The image of the central deity is depicted in reclining posture, called pujanga sayanam and he is seen holding the holy pot in his right hand. The sanctum also contains the image of Upayamanyu and Dhurvarsa. The central deity is called Appala Ranganathar as he is located away from (appal) the Ranganathar in Srirangam.The temple has a prakaram (precinct) around the sanctum.

Lord, in his bhujanga sayana – reclining posture is facing west. The above sanctum is of Indira Vimana design. Lord Vazhikaatti Vinayaka graces this place.Upamanyu and sage Parasara had the darshan of

Lord Appakudathan here.

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Moolavar: Appakudathan

Utsavar: Appala Ranganathar

Thayar: Indiradevi, Kamalavalli

Thala Virutcham: Purasa Tree

Theertham: Indira pushkarani

Historical name: Thiruper

City: Koviladi

Appam is a sweet preparation offered to Gods as nivedhana.  Perumal got the name Appakudathan as He received the pot of Appam from king Upamanyu.  Perumal appears embracing the pot by one hand.  Perumal destroyed the pride of Indira, saved Sage Markandeya from fear of death and relieved king Upari Siravasu from sins and curses in this ancient place.  It is also said that this temple (Kovil) came into being even before the Srirangam temple that followed next.  Adi in Tamil means foundation or forerunner.  Hence, the place is named Koviladi, it is explained by scriptures.

This is the temple from where Saint Periazhwar left for Lord’s Abode after singing his last Mangalasasanam.  Hence, the belief is that one worshipping Perumal here is sure to reach Vaikunta.  Mother and Lord are facing each other.  Tirumangai Azhwar praised Perumal in his hymns. Lord Appakudathan followed Azhwar to Tiruvellarai where too he sang his praise again.

Koviladi-Appala Rangam is one among the Pancha Ranga sthala occupies the second place.  Other four are Adhirangam in Sriranga Pattinam in Mysore, Madhya Rangam in Sri Rangam, Chaturtha Rangam in Kumbakonam and Pancha Rangam in Indalur-Mayiladuthurai,  It may be noted that Srirangam comes third after Koviladi.

Mangalasasanam:-

Periyalwar – 2 Paasurams.
Thirumangai Alwar – 19 Paasurams
Thirumizhisai Alwar – 1 Paasuram.
Namaalwar – 11 Paasurams.
Total – 33
Koviladi is in the southern bank of Kollidam and can be reached from Kallanai dam easily and can also be reached from Anbil via Sengariyur and Poondi. For both Tiruchirapalli should be the main starting point. If one goes by a four wheeler, without break at Kallanai, cross the road over the dam and take the route to Koviladi. Only heavy vehicles cannot pass through this road over the dam. Those who take the bus should get down at Kallanai, cross the road over the dam and on reaching the other side, proceed on the road behind the Karikal cholan statue, which is the road leading to Koviladi. The bus stand is nearby and buses from Kallanai to Thirukattupalli via Koviladi, Poondi is to be taken and it is only 10 minutes drive from kallanai. For those, going via Anbil, the route is Lalgudi, Anbil, Sengariyur and Poondi.

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